Who was the First Person on Earth?

The question of who the first person on Earth was is a matter of scientific and philosophical debate, intertwined with theories of human origins, evolution, and religious beliefs.

From a scientific perspective, the concept of a “first person” is complex, considering the gradual evolution of Homo sapiens over millions of years.

However, if we consider the anatomically modern human, Homo sapiens, the earliest known remains date back to approximately 300,000 years ago in Africa.

Here are some key points to consider:

Evolutionary Perspective:

According to the theory of evolution, modern humans (Homo sapiens) evolved from earlier hominid species over millions of years. The exact point at which Homo sapiens emerged as a distinct species is not well-defined, as it represents a gradual process of biological change and adaptation.

Paleoanthropological Discoveries:

Fossil evidence, such as those found in Africa’s Great Rift Valley, suggests that early Homo sapiens inhabited the continent as far back as 300,000 years ago. These early humans gradually spread to other regions of the world over time.

Mitochondrial Eve:

In genetics, the concept of “Mitochondrial Eve” refers to the most recent common ancestor of all living humans traced through mitochondrial DNA. While Mitochondrial Eve does not represent the first human or the only woman alive at the time, she is estimated to have lived in Africa around 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.

Religious and Cultural Perspectives:

Various religious and cultural traditions offer their own explanations for the origins of humanity, often rooted in creation myths and religious texts. For example, the creation narratives in the Book of Genesis in the Judeo-Christian tradition depict Adam and Eve as the first humans created by God.


In summary, while scientific evidence points to the emergence of anatomically modern humans in Africa hundreds of thousands of years ago, the concept of a singular “first person” is complex and multifaceted. It is influenced by evolutionary processes, genetic ancestry, and cultural beliefs, making it a subject of ongoing inquiry and interpretation.

Muhammad Ali

Hi, My name is Muhammad Ali I am an educator, a learner and a mentor. I am at the intersection of education and technology. Teaching is a privilege. I have been an educator for nine years, and I have become an expert at getting the most out of my students to help them be the best they can be.